Which label would Freud apply to an individual who experiences the “tip of the tongue” phenomenon?
What type of memory failure is involved in the “tip-of-the-tongue” effect?
Answer: retrieval failure
The tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon arises when you try to remember something and know you know it but you can’t recall it. The phenomenon suggests that memories persist even though they may be hard to activate because cues can aid the recall.
Examples of “tip of the tongue” phenomenon;
Example 1. Trying to recall the name of a famous actor but it takes a while to remember it. (For example, knowing Owen Wilson and his co-star but not being able to name Vince Vaughn).
Example 2. Telling your friend to try an ice cream you just tried but you can’t remember the name of the brand or flavor.
Example 3. Telling your mom about a teacher but forgetting the teacher’s name and she tries to help you recall by giving you random names until she mentions one that helps you remember.
Example 4. When you can’t remember the name of your favorite restaurant.
Example 5. Trying to recall the song lyric of your favorite song you haven’t sung in a long time.