Ronald Reagan

Ronald Reagan

Ronald Reagan was an American official and a film actor. He served as the 40th president of the United States of America between 1981 and 1989. He was born and raised in humble backgrounds, and he built his career in film and production. He later moved into television where he worked as a motivational speaker before soaring into politics and afterward got elected through the Republican Party as the 40th president of the United States in 1981 (Zogby, 2011). Franklin Roosevelt, on the hand, was an American state official and a political leader. He served as the 32nd president of the United States of America between 1933 and 1945. He was born and raised in New York in a Dutch American family. He studied law and went on to practice it in New York City before venturing into politics (Zogby, 2011). He won the presidential seat through the Democratic Party in the 1932 presidential elections. This paper will focus on comparing and contrasting the above political leaders.

Accomplishments of Ronald Reagan

  • He served as the 33rd governor of California between 1967 and 1975
  • He was re-elected into office with the highest Electoral votes in the history of the United States
  • Through the Reagan doctrine, he changed the course of the cold war
  • He was influential in conclusion the cold war
  • He launched the strategic defense initiative
  • His economic policy led to a decrease in inflation and unemployment
  • He apprehended the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization (PATCO) employees who went on strike
  • He established strict legislation against drug abuse

Accomplishments of Franklin Roosevelt

  • He served as the governor of New York between 1929 and 1932
  • He is the long term-serving president in the entire United States history
  • He saved the country from financial depression through the emergency banking act
  • He restored confidence in the American banking organism through Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
  • He set up a chain of domestic programs including the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA)
  • He upheld the U.S. social security system
  • He instituted a national bare minimum wage through the fair labor standards act
  • He initiated the first federal action against employment discrimination
  • He played a major role in leading the allied powers to conquest during World War II
  • He participated majorly in the formation of the United Nations

Both Reagan and Roosevelt employed the situational theory of leadership during their times as the heads of states in America. Roosevelt kept going when a portion of his new deal was paralyzed by the congress (Brinkley, n.d). Reagan also did not allow the challenger disaster to endanger space exploration. Both Reagan and Roosevelt came into power during different difficult times. Reagan came into offices during one of the worst recesses after the great depression and on the brink of the cold war (Zogby, 2011). Roosevelt, on the hand, came into office during the highest degrees of depression in the United States. These situations shaped the way the leaders led the country and the particular traits they choose to employ to ensure the country bounced back to an economic boom.

The other theory common to both Roosevelt and Reagan is skilled. This theory focuses on the knowledge leaders possess and how they expend it. It helps separate the good leaders from the poor ones. Both Reagan and Roosevelt conducted their leadership and duties in a way that it spoke positively to their followers and the entire nation (Zogby, 2011). Roosevelt is known to have served the office of the president the longest time in the United States. He was reelected by his people four times into the office. No president has ever served as much as Roosevelt, who secured the same seat four times with a generous number of votes (Krock, 2010). Reagan was also elected twice into the office whereby he won by majority electoral votes. Both of them came into offices through massive election by their followers on top of their political influence.

The two exceptional presidents of the United States also employed transformational leadership. Transformational theory of leadership holds that leaders should strive to change and transform their people. For the leaders to be this effective, they ought to be charismatic, inspirational, considerate, and intellectual. In as much as both Roosevelt and Reagan did not share a lot of qualities, they both communicated directly with the citizen. Roosevelt, during his time, used electronic media to communicate with Americans (Stein, 2016). He gained popularity through such connections with citizens who would listen to him live and at least be comfortable knowing they have an able leader. In return, they elected him into the office to the fourth count. Reagan, on the other, handpicked the prompt from and became perfected that he later came to be referred to as the great communicator (Edwards, 2018). They both charmed their people during bad times and assured them that things were in control. The common personal traits exhibited by Reagan during his leadership include courageousness, amiability, visionary, respectful, integrity, tolerance, compassion, and commitment. Roosevelt, on the other hand, possessed unique traits, including intelligence, cordiality, purpose, self-confidence, and truthfulness.

In conclusion, the people get to choose their leaders, and since the independence of the United States, the people of America have been able to elect their own choice of leaders. However, the citizens are not in control of how the leader will act or how he or she will lead the nation. Roosevelt and Reagan played a major role in recuperating the nation, just like the citizen needed them to do. Even though the two men held different views on how to manage the nation, they shared similar leadership theories and styles, and they will always be remembered in history as the two of the greatest leaders of America.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Brinkley, A. (n.d.). The New Deal: An Overview. Retrieved from Social Studies: http://www.socialstudies.org/sites/default/files/publications/se/6005/600501.html

Edwards, L. (2018, February 05). What Made Reagan a Truly Great Communicator. Retrieved from The Heritage: https://www.heritage.org/conservatism/commentary/what-made-reagan-truly-great-communicator

Krock, A. (2010). Roosevelt Sweeps The Nation; His Electoral Vote Exceeds 500; Lehman Wins; Charter Adopted. Retrieved from The New York Times: http://movies2.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/1103.html

Stein, A. M. (2016, September 23). Franklin Delano Roosevelt: A born leader. Retrieved from Penn State: https://sites.psu.edu/leaderfoundationsclarke/2016/09/23/franklin-delano-roosevelt-a-born-leader/

Zogby, J. (2011, February 23). Reagan & FDR Share One Thing: Title of Greatest. Retrieved from Forbes: https://www.forbes.com/sites/johnzogby/2011/02/23/reagan-fdr-share-one-thing-title-of-greatest/#59e13521505d

 

 

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