Research Design

Research Design

A research design is essentially how the research is conducted to achieve the research purpose, which is based on the problem and gap in the literature by answering research questions. There are three basic research designs – qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods (Monette et al., 2014). Qualitative seeks to explore how, why, or what is associated with the phenomenon. As a result, a qualitative research design is in most cases viewed as subjective and information is collected in a written format rather than numerical.  It also varies depending on the techniques used; in-depth interviews, participant observations, and focus groups. The main reason for conducting qualitative design is to comprehensively understand a specific issue, subject, grounded on the first-hand knowledge.  Qualitative research design needs to account for how participants behave and speak and what is done and said.

Quantitative examines the relationships and/or differences among independent (predictor) and dependent (outcome) variables. It can be used to find averages and patterns, test causal relationships, make predictions, and generalizes results. The quantitative research design also involves gathering and analyzing numerical data and is broadly used in social and natural sciences such as economics, biology, psychology, marketing, and philosophy (Monette et al., 2014). Quantitative research design methods can be used for correlational, descriptive, and experimental research. Nonetheless, quantitative data is collected through the use of operational definitions translating abstract concepts into quantifiable and observable measures.

Mixed methods involve the use and interdependency of both qualitative and quantitative methods. This type of research design provides researchers with different approaches to answering research questions. It is also unique since it enables researchers to address many research objectives at the same time (Rahi, 2017). Researchers also used mixed methods research design to understand the contractions between qualitative findings and quantitative results. It ensures that research is based on the experiences of the participants and gives them a voice.  Regardless of the method, a research design essentially consists of the same elements, including the population, sampling, recruitment, instrumentation, data collection, and analysis, with some variations.

A study that would control all threats to internal validity and produce the most accurate results due to its design is a true experimental study. A true experimental study can eliminate any tentative fact or hypothesis, either with field or lab experiments (Rahi, 2017). There can be a randomized selection of groups. For example, with the hypothesis “drug xyz reduces insomnia,” the researcher will form two samples of about 10 females with two groups each consisting of 5 females. One group will be a controlled group and the other group will receive the treatment of xyz drug to reduce insomnia. The controlled group probably will not receive xyz drug but something which looks like an xyz drug just to give an impression that they are being treated. If the controlled group eventually improves with reduction of insomnia with the placebo effect, then probably the hypothesis can be nullified which suggests drug xyz reduces insomnia. The main emphasis is the cause-effect relationship establishing the final conjecture of cause and effect. The “the drug” is independent variable while “the patients” is the dependent one.  This shows that the methodology relies on random laboratory and assignment controls to ensure the most reliable and valid results.






Monette, D. R., Sullivan, T. J., DeJong, C. R., & Hilton, T. P. (2014). Applied social research: A tool for the human services (9th ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.

Rahi, S. (2017). Research design and methods: A systematic review of research paradigms, sampling issues, and instruments development. International Journal of Economics & Management Sciences6(2), 1-5. DOI: 10.4172/2162-6359.1000403


Homework Essay Paper Writers
Calculate your order
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Choose Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We always confirm that writers follow all of your instructions precisely. you'll choose your academic level: highschool, college/university or professional, Your order will be assigned to a writer who possesses a respective degree.

Highly Experienced Paper Writers

Highly Experienced Paper Writers

Our team of professional academic writers has years of vast experience in academic writing, research, and formatting. So you can always be sure that your project is in safe hands.

Free Revisions Essay Writing

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you believe we missed something, feel free to send your order for a free revision. After receipt of the final document, You have 10 days to submit the order for review. A revision can be submitted by logging into your personal account or by contacting our support team.

Timely Assignment Delivery

Timely Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

We ensure that all papers are always delivered on the expected time. In any case, if we require more time to polish your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you are not in a position to allocate additional time, a 100% order refund is guaranteed.

Plagiarism free custom writing

Plagiarism free & Confidential

As part of our quality assurance process, we use several writing tools and checks to ensure that all documents you receive are 100% unique and original.Each paper undergoes careful review by our editors to deliver plagiarism free essays. We also guarantee maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

Real time chat essay writer

Real time online chat with your writer

Our writers and support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week to assist you. We are committed to providing you with top-notch customer experience. Chat with us anytime.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:

How it works?

Get your paper done in these simple steps

give essay topic

Give your requirements

Fill in the order form and tell us about your assignment, instructions and deadline

pay for essay

Proceed with the payment

Choose your preferred payment method and the writer will start writing your custom paper.

download custom essay

Download the final file

Once your high quality custom paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Paper Writing Services

We are here to ensure you dont get stuck with your coursework and assignments. Focus on your hobbies and enjoy some quality leisure time as we write your paper. You can trust our kinds of writing services.

essay writing service essay helper


Essay Writing Service

Stuck with an essay assignment? Making an admission application? We specialize in writing high quality and engaging personal statements as well as application essays. Our professional academic essay writers are experts in writing 100% original essays according to order specifications. From compositions, creative writing to literary analysis we've got you covered.

professional assignment Help assignment writer


Professional assignment Help

Your routine homework and academic assignments are completed on time and at affordable prices. Submit your assignments and the respective subject matter expert will get it done within no time and painlessly. Better grades will be yours without any stress at all!

research paper writing service english essay writer


Research and Term Papers

Every member of our dynamic essay writing team is an expert in academic research. They are all well versed with APA, MLA, Chicago, Harvard citation formats. Your research paper gets to you fully formatted and ready to be submitted. The research involved in writing your paper is always 100% original. This is part of our commitment to provide you with papers free of plagiarism.

custom writing academic writer

Custom Writing

Custom Writing Services

Our highly experienced business, nursing, and psychology writers are true professionals with vast prowess at delivering outstanding work in a wide range of fields. You dont have to worry about Short deadlines anymore. Just give us the instructions and you'll receive your custom paper ASAP! We have fully qualified, full-pro writers on stand by to assist you.