Neurobiological Basis for PTSD Illness

Neurobiological Basis for PTSD Illness

Neurobiological Basis for PTSD

The complicated neurological cause of PTSD includes changes in brain networks that are neuroanatomical, neurochemical, and related to the neuroendocrine system. According to Pant et al. (2022), the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis impacts the way individuals respond to stress. Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), which starts the physiological stress response, is released by the paraventricular nerves in the brain region called the hypothalamus. Adrenocorticotropin hormone is released by the pituitary gland in response to CRH, which then causes the adrenal cortex to produce glucocorticoids. Individuals with PTSD have irregular glucocorticoid signaling as a result of their heightened vulnerability to negative feedback. Low cortisol levels and weak ACTH responses are caused by the increased CRH levels. The CRH receptors in the pituitary gland will consequently be frequently activated (Grande, 2019). Low cortisol levels at the time of exposure are predicted to start after a traumatic event leading to PTSD.

DSM-5-TR Diagnostic Criteria for PTSD

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is defined by the DSM-5-TR criteria as having depressed mood, appearance of recurring nightmares, recollections, memories, trouble sleeping sleep, fatigue, symptoms of dissociation, despair, and loss of enthusiasm in interactions with others (Knopf, 2022). Following a collision with his dad, Joe began to display symptoms of PTSD, including vivid nightmares, adverse effects, sleep problems, avoidance of people and places, and excessive alertness. Complex PTSD is a condition where a person experiences numerous traumatic incidents over time.

Joe’s poor behavior, separation anxiety, and depressive moods may be significantly influenced by PTSD brought on by the accident event in addition to his oppositional defiance. A PTSD diagnosis can be made based on the information in the video. According to Dr. Todd, Joe had several coexisting problems, such as vivid memories of the incident and increased tolerance for all the things that could conjure up memories of the catastrophe (Know & Grow with Dr. K, 2021). The accounts for Joe’s additional serious PTSD indications are also given. I agree about the conclusions reached regarding the other diagnoses, including the ones for conduct disorder, ADHD, and MDD, oppositional defiant disorder. This is as a result of Dr. Todd’s discussion of the reasons behind Joe’s diagnosis.

Psychotherapy for PTSD

For Joe’s PTSD, cognitive-behavioral therapy has been effective. He become more confident in coping with the indicators as he avoids stressors with the assistance of CBT, a technique that will provide him particular techniques for reducing his symptoms (Hoskins et al., 2021). My treatment course is recognized the most effective for a number of different reasons. CBT is likely to be successful with a patient who is coping with many mental health issues since it focuses on altering negative thought patterns as well as discovering active coping methods.

People’s perspectives are frequently distorted and erroneous, especially when they are upset (Gift from Within, 2008). Using gold standard, evidence-based treatments is essential since it reduces the possibility of impairment and raises the effectiveness, productivity, and affordability of mental therapy. Additionally, more elevated excellence standards and responsibility including higher rates of general health and welfare are associated with the most successful, evidence-based psychotherapies. By avoiding methods with scant to no support in the scientific literature, clinicians can save both money and time.

All my sources are scholarly for several reasons. The first source written by Pant et al. (2022) is scholarly because it has tables, graphs, and diagrams that have a formal appearance. The next source by Knopf (2022) is scholarly since the paragraph of abstract or overview is placed above the body of the article. Also, the language of the article includes specialist terms and the slang of the profession. The last article by Hoskins et al. (2021) is scholarly since it was produced by authorities or experts in the field and it focuses on a particular area of study



















Gift from Within. (Producer). (2008). PTSD and veterans: A conversation with Dr. Frank Ochberg.[Video].

Grande, T. (2019, August 21). Presentation example: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). [Video]. YouTube.

Hoskins, M. D., Sinnerton, R., Nakamura, A., Underwood, J. F., Slater, A., Lewis, C., … & Clarke, L. (2021). Pharmacological-assisted Psychotherapy for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis. European Journal of Psychotraumatology12(1), 1853379.

Knopf, A. (2022). DSM revisions: Updates for racial/gender concepts, ASD, NSSI, DMDD, and PTSD. The Brown University Child and Adolescent Behavior Letter38(6), 9-10.

Know & Grow with Dr. K. (2021, July 18). Does your child suffer from post traumatic stress disorder?  [Video]. YouTube.

Pant, U., Frishkopf, M., Park, T., Norris, C. M., & Papathanassoglou, E. (2022). A neurobiological framework for the therapeutic potential of music and sound interventions for post-traumatic stress symptoms in critical illness survivors. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health19(5), 3113.



Homework Essay Paper Writers
Calculate your order
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Choose Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We always confirm that writers follow all of your instructions precisely. you'll choose your academic level: highschool, college/university or professional, Your order will be assigned to a writer who possesses a respective degree.

Highly Experienced Paper Writers

Highly Experienced Paper Writers

Our team of professional academic writers has years of vast experience in academic writing, research, and formatting. So you can always be sure that your project is in safe hands.

Free Revisions Essay Writing

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you believe we missed something, feel free to send your order for a free revision. After receipt of the final document, You have 10 days to submit the order for review. A revision can be submitted by logging into your personal account or by contacting our support team.

Timely Assignment Delivery

Timely Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

We ensure that all papers are always delivered on the expected time. In any case, if we require more time to polish your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you are not in a position to allocate additional time, a 100% order refund is guaranteed.

Plagiarism free custom writing

Plagiarism free & Confidential

As part of our quality assurance process, we use several writing tools and checks to ensure that all documents you receive are 100% unique and original.Each paper undergoes careful review by our editors to deliver plagiarism free essays. We also guarantee maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

Real time chat essay writer

Real time online chat with your writer

Our writers and support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week to assist you. We are committed to providing you with top-notch customer experience. Chat with us anytime.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:

How it works?

Get your paper done in these simple steps

give essay topic

Give your requirements

Fill in the order form and tell us about your assignment, instructions and deadline

pay for essay

Proceed with the payment

Choose your preferred payment method and the writer will start writing your custom paper.

download custom essay

Download the final file

Once your high quality custom paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Paper Writing Services

We are here to ensure you dont get stuck with your coursework and assignments. Focus on your hobbies and enjoy some quality leisure time as we write your paper. You can trust our kinds of writing services.

essay writing service essay helper


Essay Writing Service

Stuck with an essay assignment? Making an admission application? We specialize in writing high quality and engaging personal statements as well as application essays. Our professional academic essay writers are experts in writing 100% original essays according to order specifications. From compositions, creative writing to literary analysis we've got you covered.

professional assignment Help assignment writer


Professional assignment Help

Your routine homework and academic assignments are completed on time and at affordable prices. Submit your assignments and the respective subject matter expert will get it done within no time and painlessly. Better grades will be yours without any stress at all!

research paper writing service english essay writer


Research and Term Papers

Every member of our dynamic essay writing team is an expert in academic research. They are all well versed with APA, MLA, Chicago, Harvard citation formats. Your research paper gets to you fully formatted and ready to be submitted. The research involved in writing your paper is always 100% original. This is part of our commitment to provide you with papers free of plagiarism.

custom writing academic writer

Custom Writing

Custom Writing Services

Our highly experienced business, nursing, and psychology writers are true professionals with vast prowess at delivering outstanding work in a wide range of fields. You dont have to worry about Short deadlines anymore. Just give us the instructions and you'll receive your custom paper ASAP! We have fully qualified, full-pro writers on stand by to assist you.