Fallacies

Fallacies

One of the major fallacies evident in the speech is the false cause. The false cause fallacy is related to the concept of causality and arises when a speaker claims that one item caused or affects another based on inadequate proof (University of Minnesota, 2013). In the video, the speaker states that their company has managed to escape its founder’s demise, a main depression, many recessions, and 2 world wars. However, it is in looming risk of self-annihilation caused by Larry (Barnseyoz, 2009). He also argues that Larry creates, builds, and runs nothing. Blaming poor luck on beliefs is an example of fallacious thinking that attempts to establish a link between an already-occurring “effect” and its prior “cause.” The problems of the company, in this case, have been attributed to poor decisions made by Larry.

Another fallacy is Ad Hominem. Ad hominem implies “to the person” in Latin and relates to the typical error of criticizing an individual instead of presenting an argument. In the video, the speaker criticizes one person for the problems affecting the company rather than making effective arguments. He argues that Larry “The Liquidator” who is also an entrepreneur of postindustrial America plays God with money belonging to other people (Barnseyoz, 2009). According to him, Larry views other people as important when dead rather than alive.

The fallacy of hasty generalization is also evident in the video. The hasty generalization fallacy is related to inductive argumentation and occurs when there is insufficient evidence to support the assertion of generality. In the video, the speaker makes claims that one day the infrastructure of the country will skyrocket as a result of the year becoming weaker, the dollar becoming stronger, and rebuilding of bridges and roads (Barnseyoz, 2009). These fail to procession warrants when viewed in connection with the country’s infrastructure.

There is also the fallacy of a slippery slope. When someone claims that one action will necessarily lead to a sequence of subsequent actions, they are committing the slippery slope fallacy. In the video, the speaker argues that if people vote for Larry (Barnseyoz, 2009). The nation will produce nothing, sell nothing except tax shelters and create nothing except lawyers. In a speech this fallacy might be expressed as follows: If the country reaches a point where something is killed because it is worth it dead than alive, we are heading in the wrong direction.

The final fallacy evident in the video is false authority. This Fallacy happens when an individual presenting an argument lacks the information or credentials to be credible yet is seen to be trustworthy because they have been regarded or revered (University of Minnesota, 2013). In this case, the speaker is revered and respected even though his claims lack sufficient data for support.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

University of Minnesota. (2013). Communication in the Real World. University of Minnesota Libraries.

Barnseyoz. (2009, May 18). Other Peoples’s Money Gregory Peck [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xJRhrow3Jws

 

 

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