Trauma and Narrative

There are three fundamental works of narrative, which include agreement, contradiction, and consequence. These three forces underpin pretty much everything in communication, including the narration (Goldman, 2017). The better an individual gets a feel for them, the better your ability to communicate and draw on the power of narrative. Everything else is secondary and of course important but still, secondary. The Porvenir Massacre documentary is a perfect representation of how narratives work. For approximately 55 minutes, the documentary reveals the events and conflicts that led to the massacre. In his national narrative, Harry Warren portrays a powerful reenactment of what happened before, during and after the massacre. Through communication and agreements, Warren interviews historians, archaeologists as well as descendants of those who were affected by the massacre (Orozco, 2019). The national narrative engages with the audience by following many attempts of seeking justice the following years after the massacre. It perfectly reflects with the contemporary society where the fights of the descendants to have history. Of their people, their people continue serving as the end of the narration.

A narrative can be created or projected onto a situation, or it may, in some sense, be discovered within a situation. Instead, another world is imaginatively created within which the narrated processes occur (Freema, 2015). However, authors often blur these boundaries. Harry provides one of the most powerful scenes in the film where Juan Flores describes how the face of his father went unrecognizable after the massacre. For nearly her whole lifetime, she could not talk about anything that happened that morning due to the fear of a similar attack and the recurring nightmare (Porvenir, 2019). This shows how the Flores situation has been projected into a situation which she cannot handle herself until it was discovered.
Science aims to discover narratives that describe nature by developing plausible narratives and testing the degree to which they are projections or discoveries. From Harry’s narration, this situation can be pulled from the transcripts which had been closed for many years. In his narration, he puts the chilling testimonies on full display (Celestina, 2018). Some of the discoveries he unveils include that of a witness who describes seeing a man hanging from a tree, “his body riddled with bullets.” He provides another example of a witness who saw “bullets passing through the heads of many [Mexicans].”

The fact that a narrative can, to some extent, be discovered within a situation means that the situation itself in some sense encodes the narrative, although not in the same form as a narrative. Thus there is a parallel between the processes of nature and discovered narratives. What is very captivating about narratives is that they are factually compressed experience (Bamberg, 2016). Consciousness intuitively recognizes stories. They can be transferred in a very compact form, and they can be unpacked into lots of interconnected action. Harry documents the story in a way that compresses the experience of the characters and recognizes every part of the story that was narrated. It reveals the attempts to silence participants who spoke about or question the events of the massacre (Pouvenir, 2019). A frantically compressed experience can be revealed through the efforts of Brownsville’s Representative José Tomás Canales, holding the Rangers who were accountable for the events in 1919. Canales was able to file approximately 19 charges against t the institution that launched a full-blown investigation within the Texas Legislature even after being openly stalked and threatened by the famous Texas Ranger Frank Hamer (Orozco, 2019). After two weeks, about 90 people were asked to testify about the bloody, brutal tactics of the rangers along the border.

A narrative connects elements in a naturally evolving way. The narrative story is created by the way one consciously experiences the elements, more than by the exact elements (Goldma, 2017). It is a well-known mnemonic trick to invent exaggerated attributes for each item one has to remember, and then create a story that strings them together. Thus, for the memory expert, even random stuff turns into a story, and he can remember the elements through that. Whereas the person who tries only to remember by brute force, and who doesn’t connect anything, fares badly. For warren, it took him consciousness and experience to document the massacre and what was going on in the hope of not forgetting about the event and at some point try to seek justice (Celestina, 2018). The narrator remembers many stories which show him that the right direction is to seek justice.

Whereas the world we live in is becoming increasingly digital, in the sense of representing itself in separate facts, bits, numbers, sound bites, a narrative is something more analogue. It fits together in one piece, but it goes through transformations, ebbs and flows, ups and downs, problems and solutions, repetitions, patterns, desires, obstacles and resolutions (Freema, 2015). The very best narratives allow narrators to grab on to just one bit of it, and the rest of the story will naturally unravel. 90% of the challenge of good storytelling is narrative structure. It’s the difference between whether narrators are boring or confusing versus interesting and compelling. Narrators can have lots of emotion, humour, passion and detail, but if they present it with a structure that is boring or confusing it is not going to work. The simplest, most powerful starting point for the narrative structure is the about narrative template. This is the idea of boiling the core of the story down to a single sentence using the words — warrens’ documentary us the perfect example of good storytelling. The narrator himself was a victim since his wife and father in law died in the massacre (Orozco, 2019). Thus by connecting his emotions, experience and passion for seeking justice, he creates a perfect and compelling narrative that captures all the readers.

Great narrators always have a way to engage their audience. Their audience naturally gravitates towards them because of the way they say things (Goldman, 2017). They interact with the audience in a deep, emotional level that is not normally seen in a typical conversation. They also speak from their heart. They tell the story like they are reliving that story, and it is happening now. They pull people in through their perspectives and let people see the story from a different perspective. Great storytellers guide people through the story. They allow people to feel the tangibleness of the story and experience it. Harry is a great narrator by the way he uses different techniques to engage with the audience naturally. He speaks from his heart regarding the encounters experienced by the victims of the massacre (Celestina, 2018). For example, he sympathetically unfolds a harrowing event and how people experiencing PTSD are likely to have traumatic narratives presenting different structures and contents of the massacre.

From the narration, individuals can radiate out into all the standard elements of drama. This includes: exposition, rising tension, climax, culmination, denouement which includes all the usual things, but the narratives provide the power of simplicity, which is what they need at the core of a good story (Bamberg, 2016). Harry does this by drawing this specific to serve as the background for the closing chapter of the film. Tension is raised when the narrator talks about the descendants who gathered from all over the country in 2018 at the Texas State Capitol for the 100th-anniversary commemoration of the (Orozco, 2019). Readers are able to sympathize with what the narrator talks about regarding the expressed frustrations and pains that the victims were never formally vindicated.




















Bamberg, M. (2016). Narrative. The international encyclopedia of communication theory and philosophy, 1-9.

Celestina, M. (2018). The road to Porvenir and Esperanza: The struggle for land. In Living displacement. Manchester University Press.

Freeman, M. (2015). Rewriting the Self: History, memory, narrative. Routledge.

Goldman, S. R. (2017). Inferential reasoning in and about narrative texts. In The psychology of questions (pp. 247-276). Routledge.

Orozco, C. E. (2019). Refusing to Forget.

Porvenir, Texas. (2019), PBS, Public Broadcasting Service,


Homework Essay Paper Writers
Calculate your order
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Choose Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We always confirm that writers follow all of your instructions precisely. you'll choose your academic level: highschool, college/university or professional, Your order will be assigned to a writer who possesses a respective degree.

Highly Experienced Paper Writers

Highly Experienced Paper Writers

Our team of professional academic writers has years of vast experience in academic writing, research, and formatting. So you can always be sure that your project is in safe hands.

Free Revisions Essay Writing

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you believe we missed something, feel free to send your order for a free revision. After receipt of the final document, You have 10 days to submit the order for review. A revision can be submitted by logging into your personal account or by contacting our support team.

Timely Assignment Delivery

Timely Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

We ensure that all papers are always delivered on the expected time. In any case, if we require more time to polish your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you are not in a position to allocate additional time, a 100% order refund is guaranteed.

Plagiarism free custom writing

Plagiarism free & Confidential

As part of our quality assurance process, we use several writing tools and checks to ensure that all documents you receive are 100% unique and original.Each paper undergoes careful review by our editors to deliver plagiarism free essays. We also guarantee maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

Real time chat essay writer

Real time online chat with your writer

Our writers and support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week to assist you. We are committed to providing you with top-notch customer experience. Chat with us anytime.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:

How it works?

Get your paper done in these simple steps

give essay topic

Give your requirements

Fill in the order form and tell us about your assignment, instructions and deadline

pay for essay

Proceed with the payment

Choose your preferred payment method and the writer will start writing your custom paper.

download custom essay

Download the final file

Once your high quality custom paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Paper Writing Services

We are here to ensure you dont get stuck with your coursework and assignments. Focus on your hobbies and enjoy some quality leisure time as we write your paper. You can trust our kinds of writing services.

essay writing service essay helper


Essay Writing Service

Stuck with an essay assignment? Making an admission application? We specialize in writing high quality and engaging personal statements as well as application essays. Our professional academic essay writers are experts in writing 100% original essays according to order specifications. From compositions, creative writing to literary analysis we've got you covered.

professional assignment Help assignment writer


Professional assignment Help

Your routine homework and academic assignments are completed on time and at affordable prices. Submit your assignments and the respective subject matter expert will get it done within no time and painlessly. Better grades will be yours without any stress at all!

research paper writing service english essay writer


Research and Term Papers

Every member of our dynamic essay writing team is an expert in academic research. They are all well versed with APA, MLA, Chicago, Harvard citation formats. Your research paper gets to you fully formatted and ready to be submitted. The research involved in writing your paper is always 100% original. This is part of our commitment to provide you with papers free of plagiarism.

custom writing academic writer

Custom Writing

Custom Writing Services

Our highly experienced business, nursing, and psychology writers are true professionals with vast prowess at delivering outstanding work in a wide range of fields. You dont have to worry about Short deadlines anymore. Just give us the instructions and you'll receive your custom paper ASAP! We have fully qualified, full-pro writers on stand by to assist you.